Last updated on July 2nd, 2019 at 09:08 am
WASHINGTON (Reuters) – U.S. job growth surged in October after two straight months of tepid gains, with the unemployment rate hitting a 7-1/2-year low of 5.0 percent in a show of domestic strength that makes it more likely the Federal Reserve will hike interest rates in December.
Nonfarm payrolls increased 271,000 last month, the largest rise since December 2014, the Labor Department said on Friday. In addition, average hourly earnings rose 9 cents.
The solid employment and wage gains added to robust automobile sales in painting an upbeat picture of the economy at the start of the fourth quarter.
The unemployment rate fell one-tenth of a percentage point to the lowest level since April 2008. The jobless rate is now at a level many Fed officials see as consistent with full employment.
Payrolls data for August and September were revised to show 12,000 more jobs created than previously reported.
“That was an astounding number,” said Brian Jacobsen, chief portfolio strategist at Wells Fargo Funds Management in Menomonee Falls. “It’s pretty clear that the Fed would be justified in hiking in December if the economy doesn’t hit another air pocket.”
Prices for U.S. Treasuries fell sharply and U.S. stock index futures edged lower after the data. The dollar rose to a 6-1/2-month high against a basket of currencies. Futures were implying a 72 percent chance of a Fed rate hike next month, up from 58 percent before the jobs report.
With speeches from several Fed officials, including Chair Janet Yellen, suggesting a low bar for a December rate increase, economists say monthly job gains above 150,000 in October and November would be sufficient for the central bank to lift benchmark overnight borrowing costs from near zero.
Minutes from the Fed’s Oct. 27-28 policy meeting and subsequent comments from Yellen have firmly put a rate hike on the table at the central bank’s Dec. 15-16 meeting.
Economists had forecast nonfarm payrolls increasing 180,000 last month and the unemployment rate remaining at 5.1 percent.
The employment report joined October’s strong services sector and auto sales data in supporting views that economic growth will regain momentum in the fourth quarter after braking sharply to a 1.5 percent annual pace in the July-September period.
Last month’s rise in wages, which have been almost stagnant despite a tightening labor market, lifted the year-on-year reading to 2.5 percent. That was the biggest increase since July 2009 and could give Fed officials confidence that inflation will gradually move towards their 2 percent target.
There were improvements in other labor market measures that Fed officials are eyeing as they contemplate raising rates for the first time since 2006.
A broad measure of joblessness that includes people who want to work but have given up searching and those working part-time because they cannot find full-time employment fell two-tenths of a point to 9.8 percent, the lowest level since May 2008.
The employment-population ratio rose to 59.3 percent from 59.2 percent in September. But the labor force participation rate, or the share of working-age Americans who are employed or at least looking for a job, held at a near 38-year low of 62.4 percent.
Employment gains in October were broad-based, though manufacturing added no jobs and mining shed 4,000 positions.
Manufacturing has been hit by a strong dollar, efforts by businesses to reduce bloated inventory and spending cuts by energy companies cutting back on well drilling and exploration in response to lower oil prices.
Mining employment has declined by 109,000 since peaking in December 2014.
Construction payrolls, however, increased 31,000 last month, the biggest gain since February.
The services sector added 241,000 jobs in October, with large gains in retail, health and leisure. Professional and business services added 78,000 jobs, the largest gain since last November. Government payrolls increased 3,000 last month.
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Additional reporting by Tariro Mzezewa in New York.